A Speech on “Leadership styles and their effect on productivity”

“The effective leader must be a good diagnostician and adopt styles to meet the demands of the situation in which they operate.” Good (—) to all present here. I will be speaking about various leadership styles and their effect on productivity. Leadership styles today are increasingly complex and an organization’s dynamic depends upon it.

Many organizations find it difficult to figure out the type of leadership style they would want to opt for effective productivity. Different leadership styles work in different situations. If an inappropriate style is adopted by the leader, it may pose several challenges for employees, managers, and human resources departments within the planning and execution of labor in an organization.

I will be addressing a few major leadership styles in this speech. In an autocratic style of leadership, high emphasis is placed on the performance and not on the employees. The main factors that take role are strict authority, control, manipulation, and hard work. The employees have minimal involvement in the matters of the company. It follows a hierarchical chain of command.

Strict discipline is to be followed and punishments will be given for non-conformity.  In some places the employee morale goes down as they feel they are outsiders to the company, thus reducing productivity. But sometimes, due to their emphasis on performance, productivity rises to a certain point.

In democratic leadership, they persuade the employees through participation, inclusion in decision making, etc. high emphasis is placed on employees, and performance. They provide a well-organized working environment and help them utilize their full potential, respecting their views and opinions. Also called “Enlightened leadership”, they help in boosting the employees’ self-esteem and self-actualization by providing a motivating and encouraging environment. Here, employee morale as well as their performance increases, thus improving productivity.

Bureaucratic leadership is based on fixed duties that come under a hierarchy of authority. There are fixed behavioral and technical rules for decision making and action. It imposes certain constraints on the manager as well as the employees. This style works in highly regulated lines of business and in companies that do not require much creativity and innovation from their employees and the productivity may go up. But in others, it may adversely affect productivity.

The laissez-faire style of leadership poses the belief that employees know their job best and do not require supervision. They are given freedom of choice with minimal information and resources. Participation, group effort, and communication are absent in this style. They have no agreement towards goals and objectives. The leader keeps a distance from the employees. This leadership is referred to as “non-leadership”. There is huge scattering and decision-making and actions are avoided. This type of leadership brings down performance and productivity.

These are the main styles of leadership. The most effective leadership may be democratic leadership as it emphasizes performance and employees. But in recent researches, autocratic leadership also seems to have resulted in increased productivity due to the advantage of a responsible leader.

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