Public transportation includes buses, trains, trams, trolleys, ferries. Public transportation have a good traffic safety, air qquality, active transportation, and accessibility benefits which is associated with personal health benefits.
Public transportation influences health as most public transportation users walk or bicycle to get access to public transportation. A survey held in 2005 found that 29% of respondents to the 2001 National Household Travel Survey got around 30 minutes or more of daily exercise through walking to and from public transportation.
The cost or rate of public transportation is often lower than the costs of other forms of transportation (e.g., personal vehicles). One way to expand public transportation use is to improve public transportation station area planning, and ensure that it has active transportation modes and infrastructure (e.g., bicycle-sharing stations).
In order to encourage the use of public transportation, incentives has to be offered to help reduce the cost for the users, including free or discounted bus, rail, or public transportation passes.
Less fuel is used in public transportation and produces less carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOC), and carbon dioxide (CO2) per passenger mile in comparison to private vehicles.
Especially in large urban areas, public transportation provides many people with an inexpensive way to get to where they need to go every day. Many residents need transportation to reach specific places at certain times, but till now, U.S. public transportation is not in a position to offer that.
This is the reason why most of the Americans own cars. As per the Pew Research Center, about 88% of American families own at least one car.
Due to their accessibility, speed and passenger capacity, cities such as Paris, Bern and Munich offer a higher qquality of road transport than the U.S. In comparison to the dirty and often late buses and trains in US Cities, their cleanliness and precise timelines make them live out.
The relationship between public transportation and the public is mutually dependent: The public needs better transportation, but without more riders it is next to impossible to provide those services.
People must utilize public transportation to improve the service qquality. When public transportation will be used more, there will be more government incentive to fund transportation projects like railway and bus systems.
Moreover, with fewer people driving, traffic runs smooth and people can get where they need to go faster. If more people take a bus or any type of public transportation than individual cars, roads would be a lot less compact, allowing faster transportation.
Communities are also benefited from environmental factors of public transportation. With fewer cars on the road, there will be lower rate of carbon emissions. There are nearly 270 million registered cars in the United States. If more people switch to public transportation, it can help limit our countries’ carbon emissions.
Poor management of the subway system from over decades has led to ineffectiveness and unpopularity.
New York City has started to take progressive steps in improving its public transportation system, and till now has invested billions of dollars to enhance a public service. Other major cities need to follow New York’s lead.
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